What is a Cannabinoid?

Cannabinoids are the naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are responsible, in part, for the wide array of medicinal and psychoactive effects cannabis provides. There are over 110 known cannabinoids so far with studies continuing to reveal the complex molecular structures of the cannabis plant.

Cannabinoids interact with human physiology through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), the set of receptors that function to regulate health and promote homeostasis throughout the body, you can read more about the ECS on our website here. The ECS has two primary receptors, the CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptor binds primarily to the brain and nervous system, while the CB2 receptor interacts largely with the immune system. The cannabis plant relies on cannabinoids binding to these receptors to produce the array of potential benefits and effects. Each cannabinoid holds unique characteristics of their own that are worth examining in order to maximize the desired effects from medical cannabis. Today we’re looking at the cannabinoid CBG or cannabigerol.


Focus on Cannabigerol (CBG)

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that plays an important role in the biochemistry of the cannabis plant. CBG acts as a chemical precursor to other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. CBG is present only in trace amounts in most cannabis strains, however some hemp strains are specifically cultivated to generate higher yields of this cannabinoid.

 CBG displays a host of potential health benefits including as a neuroprotective, having antioxidant properties, as an antibacterial and antifungal agent, appetite stimulation, treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, inflammation reduction, cancer fighting ability, and lowering intraocular pressure, which may benefit patients with glaucoma.


How Does Cannabigerol Work?

CBG interacts with both the CB1 and CB2 receptors, acting as a potential inhibitor against the psychoactive effects of THC. CBG is also thought to boost anandamide, an endocannabinoid that naturally increases dopamine levels and responsible for regulating various health functions such as mood, sleep, and appetite. GABA uptake in the brain may be obstructed by CBG, making this cannabinoid a possible anti-anxiety agent and muscle relaxant. Furthermore, CBG may also block serotonin receptors, showing potential antidepressant ability.


The Science

 A 1990 study examined CBD for lowering intraocular pressure, making it potentially useful for treating glaucoma. In 2008, a study found CBG to be beneficial in the treatment of MRSA, attributed to it’s antibacterial and antifungal activity. The neuroprotective properties of CBG were the focus of a 2015 study, showing promise as a therapy for Huntington’s disease.

CBG shows great promise as a key constituent in the overall medicinal benefits medical cannabis provides. As cannabis research continues, CBG might just emerge as one of the most therapeutically applicable and diverse cannabinoids.

GreenLeaf Solutions is Bartlesville’s top rated cannabis dispensary and the only dispensary in NE Oklahoma that is owned and operated by licensed physicians. We take great pride in our award-winning cannabis flower, highest quality products, and the absolute best patient service. Any of our knowledgeable budtenders can answer you questions about cannabinoids and cannabis in general. We are open 10:00am to 7:00pm Monday through Saturday from. Drop in and see why we’re Bartlesville’s best cannabis dispensary!